How to Prevent and Eliminate Rats in Residential Settings with Integrated Pest Managment

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a holistic approach to pest control utilizing multiple techniques to reduce and manage pest populations.

  • Setting Thresholds
  • Identification and Monitoring
  • Prevention
  • Control

Easiest Prevention


  • Eliminate bird feeders and standing water (bird baths and containers that can hold water).
  • Ensure recyclables are rinsed and put out the morning of trash day.
  • Ensure trash is bagged and put out the morning of trash day in covered trash cans.
  • Do not feed or leave food for animals outside.
  • Eliminate leaf litter and debris around foundations.
  • Eliminate animal waste.


  • Keep all pet food in sealed containers and inside the house.
  • Check for and repair leaky plumbing.
  • Do not leave exposed food out in the open.

Moderate Prevention


  • Do not store firewood near the house, stack firewood on pallets
  • Seal all holes where wiring or pipes enter the house or foundation
  • Ensure gutters are cleaned and not leaking
  • Seal holes and gnaw marks in foundations and basements
  • Ensure garage and screen doors are sealed
  • Replace weather stripping and patch any holes


  • Reduce clutter

More Difficult Prevention

  • Eliminating dead wood or decaying trees around the property.
  • Repairing attic screens and flashing.
  • Eliminating shrubs and vegetation around the foundation of the house.

Property owners who purchase and place their own bait/pesticides must follow the label for the amount, placement, and use. Pesticides are poisons and improper use or placement can be hazardous to non-target animals. Leaving rat traps outside can also harm non-target animals such as dogs and cats. If rats persist when the previous has been done, contact a Connecticut licensed pest control operator who specializes in rat extermination using Integrated Pest Management Techniques.

The above prevention methods can help with other pests:

  • Eliminating standing water reduces mosquito breeding.
  • Removing leaves and debris eliminates harborage for mice (which carry ticks).

Helpful Resources